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Trade Policy And Support Systems

Transport and Logistics

 
Inefficient transport and logistics (T&L) systems are a fundamental barrier to trade, undermining economic development by adding time and cost to the movement of goods within countries and across borders to international buyers. At the micro level, high T&L costs limit companies’ ability to access markets and dent the competitiveness of their products. Delays, poor handling, physical losses, and lack of logistics infrastructure can devastate profits and stifle trade. Moreover, food security is weakened as staple foods cannot efficiently move from surplus to deficit areas.

Over a decade's work on diverse T&L systems in 17 countries across four continents, CARANA has cultivated renowned expertise in this important trade barrier by collecting (often sensitive) data along key trade corridors and industry value chains, identifying the priority obstacles and working to remove them. Most recently, our work in West Africa has brought to light major T&L inefficiencies along crucial regional trade corridors such as corruption, road harassment, lack of storage infrastructure, and unsuitable product packaging. Under our USAID West Africa Trade Hub and Agribusiness and Trade Promotion projects, we have worked to dismantle these barriers and reduce costs to companies trading in the region.

Read more about our T&L work in the following projects:

USAID West Africa Trade Hub
USAID Agribusiness and Trade Promotion, Expanded Agribusiness and Trade Promotion
USAID Mali Integrated Initiatives for Economic Growth
USAID Rwanda Post-Harvest Handling and Storage
World Bank DRC Trucking Study
USAID Trade Enhancement for the Services Sector (TESS) Project
USAID LAC Trade III Project
USAID Bulgaria Labor Market Project (LMP)

 
Selected publications

West Africa

Transport and Logistics Cost Study for Millet and Sorghum (2011)
Transport and Logistics Cost Study for Rice (2011)
Transport and Logistics Cost Study for Poultry (2011)
Transport and Logistics in West Africa's Cashew Value Chain (2009)
Impact of Transport and Logistics on Mali's Trade Competitiveness (2004) (English)
Impact of Transport and Logistics on Mali's Trade Competitiveness (2004) (French)

Latin America

Impact of Transport and Logistics on Paraguay's Trade Competitiveness (2006) (English Summary)
Impact of Transport and Logistics on Paraguay's Trade Competitiveness (2006) (Full Report in Spanish)
Impact of Transport and Logistics on Nicaragua's Trade Competitiveness (2004)

Europe, Asia and Worldwide

Impact of Transport and Logistics on Bulgaria's Textile and Apparel Competitiveness(2005)
Impact of Transport and Logistics on Indonesia's Trade Competitiveness (2004)
Improving Transport and Logistics for Trade: Final Report for the TESS Special Study on the Impact of Transport and Logistics on Trade Competitiveness (2005)
Role of Transport and Logistics in International Trade: The Developing Country Context (2003)
Brochure for Certificate Program in Supply Chain Management (Funded under USAID Bulgaria Labor Market Project)